Disinfection of hands and working tools

Since ancient times, disinfection has been of great importance wherever the external environment was in contact with the "inner world" of a person - wounds, abrasions, cuts, and everything that could somehow break through the natural immune barrier

in the form of skin. Moreover, if a lot depended on luck in ancient times, and mortality was very high, nowadays humanity has advanced very far in terms of antiseptics. But back to basics... :)

Дезинфекция инструментов для маникюра, стерилизация спиртом

Antiseptic (from the Greek. άντί  against + σηπτικός - pus) - according to the Greeks, a substance that counteracts decay. In case of injury, abrasion or any other damage to the skin, various bacteria settle on the wound, and if the immune system does not fight them, then the wound begins to rot. That is why antiseptics are used for any wounds - it is easier to wash the wound right away than to deal with all sorts of rotting "joys" later.

Did you know that:

Antiseptics have been known since antiquity. At that time it was natural, and wasn't used systematically, but spontaneously. For example, five hundred years bc, people in India already knew that in order to heal wounds faster, it must be thoroughly cleaned. And Hippocrates during his operations covered the table with a clean cloth and used exceptionally boiled water. At different times, There were used different ways for disinfection - by plantain, by onion, by garlic, by eucalyptus, by alcohol ... Hundreds of different disinfectants.

Природные антисептики, Девочка и подорожник

Nowadays, antiseptics have gone very far even in comparison with the 19th century, when it was still in its infancy as a system. Starting from disinfection of premises, ending with surgery and cosmetology. We will focus our attention on the last one.

Дезинфекция в косметологии

Disinfection of working tools with subsequent sterilization is one of the most important parts of the workflow in manicure rooms! Many pathogenic bacteria and viruses travel around the world now, such as hepatitis C, the virus of which is transmitted more easily and is more difficult to kill, unlike the same AIDS virus, and which can be contracted by using common hygiene tools.

Отсутствие дезинфекции приводит к появлению болезнетворных бактерий

Accordingly, high-quality cleaning is needed. At the same time, disinfectors should not contain chlorine, phosphates and other “lethal” chemicals, which are so fond of disinfecting technical rooms in hospitals. This is not a hospital, and the specifics are different.

The most effective solutions have always been hydrogen peroxide, furatsilin , iodine, greenery and potassium permanganate. It's widely available and known for anyone from school.

But not all of them are suitable for disinfecting tools after work, moreover, they may not be suitable for use in beauty parlors and hand disinfection. Therefore, consider the methods used in cosmetology.

Disinfection methods in offices may be different. Cabinets should be equipped with germicidal ultraviolet irradiators to sterilize the air in the workspace. Instruments must be rinsed with running water before disinfection.

Alcohol as a disinfectant:

Alcohol-containing solutions are used to clean tools and work surfaces. Alcohols can be different, and play a major role in various antiseptics. For example, Jerden Proff Fastclean is an ethyl-based solution, while Bacillol contains the lion's share of propyl alcohol, and ethanol plays only an auxiliary role. For the greatest efficiency, alcohol is always diluted, and the belief that the stronger the alcohol, the more effective it is, is incorrect, since at a concentration of 96%, the effectiveness of alcohol drops sharply , not giving the desired disinfecting effect. A high concentration leads not only to a deterioration in the penetrating ability of alcohol, but also to the fact that the shells of bacteria harden, and the effect of deterioration. Studies to determine the required concentration were jointly carried out by three national hospital hygiene communities: Austrian, German and French. The optimal concentration of alcohol in the solution was recognized as 70-75%. Disinfection can be carried out both by irrigating the desired surface and wiping, or by immersing the entire instrument in the solution.

Спирт в дезинфекции

You can use Sterillium in the form of a gel for hands. It contains an optimal concentration of ethyl alcohol and glycerin for hand care, since any alcohol dries the skin, and the best solution is a balanced solution, which it is.

It is also worth paying attention to the presence of a perfume component in the disinfectant solution. Jerden Fastclean , for example, contains perfume so that, in addition to disinfecting, tools also smell pleasant.


Sterillium gel also contains a fragrance, since the gel implies that the disinfectant settles on your hands for a certain time. While alcohol solutions evaporate very quickly. Bacillol does not contain any perfume. This is a disinfectant that does its job efficiently and simply.

Instruments are usually washed in running water and sterilized after disinfection. Sterilization is the destruction of not only all bacteria, but also their spores. To do this, you can use the methods of firing, steaming in an autoclave.

The so-called "cold methods":

  • UV radiation,
  • ultrasound,
  • sterilization with gamma rays.

Sterilization with antiseptic solutions can also be used, in which the instrument is soaked for a certain time. The optimal means of sterilization in a beauty parlor is an autoclave. It is non-metallic instruments friendly in contrast to dry firing, and instruments in general friendly, in contrast to chemical sterilization, where instruments can corrode and deteriorate. However, it is not suitable for tools made of rusty steel. For subsequent storage of the instrument, UV boxes are often used, the ultraviolet of which prevents the growth of bacteria.


As you can see, the disinfection and sterilization of the working tool is at a high level of development and does not stop there, continuing to develop, as a system. The main thing is to decide on an office and choose one, in which this most important aspect is not neglected. And this is no less important than the disinfection itself.